Video Basics

What is it?

Creating your own video is as easy as aiming your smartphone at a subject and pressing the record button. Creating video for educational purposes requires a little more planning and clarity about your goals. Here are some things you'll want to consider:

  • Why am I making this video? Consider your objectives carefully and make sure they are in line with what's important for learning. What will students learn? How will I and they know when they've learned it? How does the learning relate to the overall learning objectives for the course.
  • Who is it for? For example, recent research demonstrates that novices may benefit more from learning through video than more experienced students (Muller, D.).
  • What kind of video will help me convey what I need to convey? For example, animations or whiteboard illustrations in combination with dialogue may suit purposes where you want to explain detail not easily seen by a camera or the naked eye. Video interviews are important when you want to capture an individuals story or experience in their own words. Screencasting allows you to capture action on your screen as you are interacting with it (to show people how to search a database or use a software application - for example, and so on.
  • How will learners use what they learn with the video? Will they participate in online or in-class discussion or problem solving or will they self assess their understanding to better monitor their own learning?
  • Is the quality (production value) important or is the purpose to document and share? DIY video production can be as effective as full professional production, but the quality will be different (in terms of lighting, sound and post production effects).
  • What are my time and budget constraints? This may affect your decision about DIY vs. professional production and will also help you be realistic as to what you can expect to produce during your first attempt.
  • Where will I host the video? Do I want it to be open to the world or limited to a specific group of viewers?


However you answer these questions, creating your video will involve essentially 4 stages:

  1. Pre-production: planning your project
  2. Production: creating your video
  3. Post-production: editing your video
  4. Distribution: hosting and embedding your video

Uses and Benefits

Why Do This?

"Visual culture is not limited to the study of images or media, but extends to everyday practices of seeing and showing, especially those that we take to be immediate and unmediated" (Mitchell, 2002, Showing seeing: A critique of visual culture. Journal of Visual Culture, p. 170).

Why Do This.png

There are many ways to create video to support learning - from creative stop-motion animations like this to demonstrate a concept to live demonstration or interview. Basic uses for video in learning include:

  • Documenting an experience or event
  • Explaining something
  • Demonstrating something
  • Telling a story

To see a sample of our own student/staff/faculty created video at UBC, have a look at UBC's YouTube Channel


Benefits of Video for Learning

"for a novice learner, I have found that concise expository summaries do very little to improve learning - a key for me is to start with misconceptions and show how misconceptions can morph into a complete scientific truth."
Derek Muller of Veritasium in an interview with nottingham science on YouTube.
"students can develop a deep understanding of a science concept by bringing together different ways of making meaning,: researching content, storyboarding, making models, using narration, labelling key aspects, etc."
Gary Hoban, Associate Professor, University of Wollongong, Australia who developed Slowmation

Examples

Need More Inspiration?

New forms for creating and sharing video include the Twitter app called Vine. It allows users to create and share short looping videos (of 6 seconds or less). As with Twitter, the short format can inspire creativity.

Consider GE's launch of the world's first 6 second science fair in the summer of 2013. Here is a snippet of their compilation of some the entries:

This is a beginning collection of practices, experiments and examples of the online use of visual media to support learning.

Live Demonstration

Part 1 of a 4 part series in Neuroanatomy - produced by a graduate student at MIT. Features narrated brain dissection.

Stop-Motion Animation

Video illustrating how haemophilus influenzae cells take up DNA - by UBC's Rosie Redfield

A sample from the MinutePhysics Channel on YouTube


Henry Reich - the guy behind the making of MinutePhysics video - talks about the process. He's based at the Perimeter Institute in Waterloo, Canada.

Talking Head

Samples below illustrate what can be done to introduce a module or learning experience.

More from Coursera's channel on YouTube.

Self-Guided Learning Resource

Combination slides/video, resources, reflection activity.

DIY Animation

More 3 minute tutorials, made by students, using Go Animate.

Java Based Interactive Animations

balloons-screenshot.png

Interactive physics and chemistry simulations from the University at Colorado in Boulder.

Get Started

You likely have the tools to make a video already, even if you don't have a camcorder. Web cams, digital cameras, and smart phones often have video recording features—many digital cameras even have a simple switch to choose between stills and video.

Most devices record in either the .AVI or .MPG formats, both of which are supported by most hosting services, and the video shot with them can be uploaded directly from the device or after being edited on your computer.

Equipment

You will need to choose a basic set of equipment to create your project. Essentially, your needs can be broken down into the following categories

Video

  • video camera or one of the following devices (with video capabilities):
    • iphone
    • ipad

Audio

  • clip on lavalier mics with extension cords(for most situations)
  • handheld mic (for roving reporter/streeter type video)
  • Rode smartLav Mic - Wired (for iphone/ipad recording)
  • desktop mic (like a Blue)for table top, group recording.

Lighting

Editing

Video editing software: iMovie for Mac, Windows MovieMaker or another free video editing tool.

  • iMovie
  • Final Cut Pro
  • Camtasia
  • Screenflow (for Screencasting on Mac)
  • workstation with computer, monitor and headset

All-in-One

Recommended list for an ipad kit for DIY media production.

  • iPad 16 GB wifi w/ AppleCare
  • Apple Polyurethane Smart Cover for iPad
  • Adonit Green Jot Pro iPad Stylus
  • One Sleeve 11" Black with Shoulder Strap
  • Rode smartLav Mic - Wired
  • Joy Factory Unite Universal Tablet Carbon Fiber C-CLAMP Mount for iPad
  • Audio Extension Cable
  • Apogee MiC Lightning
  • Apogee MIC carry case

Tip: Make sure you have all of the equipment you need and test it (including the transfer to the computer you'll be using) to ensure it is in good working order and the recorded quality is what you need. If you don't have your own equipment you may be able to borrow what you need.

Pre-Production:Planning

The first place to start in planning your shoot is with the story. What's the story you want to tell? Knowing exactly what and how you are going to shoot (your subject) why you are shooting (your message), as well as the audience for which you are shooting, is very important part of planning.

Here are some resources that may help you in this phase of your project:

Storyboard/Scripts

Forms

Production: Creating

In this phase, you will be creating your project. You will have tested your recording device and planned your shoot or screencast with a storyboard.

Here are the resources that will support this phase of your project

lynda.com

Explore the following courses on lynda.com. For registration information, visit lynda.ubc.ca. Take note that the service is only available to UBC faculty, staff and post-doctoral fellows. If you are a student, please see additional resources.

Video Recording and Shooting

  • Foundations of Video: Cameras and Shooting
    This course provides you with the information to start shooting your own movies and videos. It covers topics such as lighting, exposure, sound, and equipment.
  • iMovie for iPad Essential Training
    You can start shooting and editing your own video using your own mobile devices. This course will walk you through the process of recording, editing, and exporting video on your iOS devices (e.g. iPad/iPhone) using the iMovie app.

Screencasting

  • Camtasia Studio 8 Essential Training
    Camtasia Studio is a screencasting program where you can capture what is happening on your computer. This course will demonstrates how to set up, record, edit, and share screencasts for online lectures and assignment feedback.

Production Techniques and Approaches

B-roll Content
Copyright

Post Production: Editing

This is where you will be adding your intro, your credits and acknowledgements (including references to any source material, images, music or video clips you have included) and assempled your project.

There are the resources that will be useful to you:

Or, for students:

Distribution

When you've finished recording, editing and exporting your video to an acceptable file format, you'll need to publish it so that you can embed it where you like. You can publish your video on:

  • Your own website.
  • UBC's Kaltura platform
  • UBC's YouTube Channel: using the upload form
  • Your own YouTube Channel: YouTube Help
  • another free video hosting service.

Embedding Video

Resources

lynda.com Courses

Explore the following courses on lynda.com. For registration information, visit lynda.ubc.ca. Take note that the service is only available to UBC faculty, staff and post-doctoral fellows.

Video Recording and Shooting

  • Foundations of Video: Cameras and Shooting
    This course provides you with the information to start shooting your own movies and videos. It covers topics such as lighting, exposure, sound, and equipment.
  • iMovie for iPad Essential Training
    You can start shooting and editing your own video using your own mobile devices. This course will walk you through the process of recording, editing, and exporting video on your iOS devices (e.g. iPad/iPhone) using the iMovie app.

Screencasting

  • Camtasia Studio 8 Essential Training
    Camtasia Studio is a screencasting program where you can capture what is happening on your computer. This course will demonstrates how to set up, record, edit, and share screencasts for online lectures and assignment feedback.

Video Editing

Storing and Sharing

  • YouTube Essential Training
    YouTube is one of the most popular online video sharing platforms, used for a diverse range of learning goals. This course will show the basics of YouTube from starting an account to some tips in shooting and editing.
  • Vimeo Essential Training
    Vimeo is an online video sharing platform geared towards independent filmmakers and artists. This course provides an introduction to the service's features and tips on editing and compression.

How-Tos

Pre Production: Planning

Forms

Production: Creating

Open Educational Resources

Post Production: Editing

Tools

Research

Guides

Creating Media

Incorporating Media in the Classroom

source: http://wiki.ubc.ca/Documentation:Video_Basics/Elearning

 

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